Policy & Legislation

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An Integrated and Inclusive Rural Economy

Since 1994, the main challenge for rural development has been marginalisation of the poor. Combating this required changes in access to resources (land, water, education and skills), and improved rural infrastructure and other government services. This chapter focuses on developing rural economic opportunities, without which services are unlikely to be sustained in the long term.

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Municiple Commonage: Policy and Procedure

The term municipal commonage is traditionally given to land, owned by a municipality or local authority, that was usually acquired through state grants or from the church. It differs from other municipally owned land in that residents have acquired grazing rights on the land, or the land was granted expressly to benefit needy local inhabitants. Municipal commonage is not the same as communally owned land held in trust by the state and usually occupied and administered by tribal authorities.